MAGAZINE / SEPTEMBER, 1999 Vol. 4, No. 6 Issue 29
Revised October 2003
Guide by Deannie Sullivan-Pierce [N.S. Leaf Watch]
Leaf illustrations by Elizabeth Owen [Courtesy N.S. Museum of Natural
Map by Tony Seed / New Media Services Inc.
Fall – Nature’s masterpiece. Despite clear-cutting of its forests, Nova
Scotia still hosts an amazing spectacle of autumn leaf colour. From
the striking orange-yellow maple hills and the brilliant reds of the
blueberry fields to the subtle yellows of the bogs and salt marshes,
the stunning vistas highlighted on our map are easily reached, and offer
the fall shunpiker a full palette of unforgettable experiences. (The
The boardwalk in Uktobok Trail in Arcadia passes through twelve distinct
habitats offering gentle fall colours.
2 Ellenwood Provincial Park
Known for its lush hardwood forests and bogs, this park, with its recreational
facilities, is a tranquil picnic area.
Smuggler’s Cove Park offers great fall sunsets from either the cliff
or the beach.
4 Belliveau Cove
Marshes and bogs provide gentle colour along 5 km of coastal boardwalk.
Ferry patrons are saluted by towering hardwoods of Beamish Mountain
as they pass through Digby Gut.
6 Bear River
Brilliant hardwood hills reflect in the tidal Bear River.
Located north of Bridgetown on North Mountain, Valleyview Provincial
Park provides a panoramic view of the western end of the Annapolis Valley.
Along the North Mountain, the southern brow is coloured by mixed hardwoods.
9 Kentville Ravine Trail
At the Agricultural Research Station is a walking trail where you can
observe American chestnuts, walnuts, native cherries, mountain-ash and
alder, as well as several species of ferns.
10 Hall’s Harbour
Bay of Fundy village features steep cliffs capped with groves of hardwoods
11 The Lookoff (N of Canning)
From atop The Lookoff, panora-mas of the beautiful Minas Basin await,
with vistas of valley farms and patchwork fields.
12 Smith’s Corner
This vista, located on Route 14 between Martock and Vaughn, will inspire
the photographer in you, with rolling hills clad with aspen, birch and
Off the McCarthy Road, along a stream bed are maple trees with leaves
which turn reddish-bronze and cover the stream, creating a picturesque
14 Walton Lighthouse & Lookout
This vista, featuring hardwoods accented by mud flats, provides you with
an excellent view of Cape Blomidon’s fall colours.
15 Burntcoat Head Park
This park features hardwoods, among a series of gentle trails, and a
great view of incoming and outflowing tides.
From Shubenacadie to Maitland, contrasting shades of maples, blueberry
fields and green conifers, as well as the yellows of the bogs and wetlands,
will capture your attention.
Splashes of hardwood colour frame the everchanging Economy Falls, making
this vista worth the short drive in on the River Philips Road.
18 Five Islands
Driving over Economy Mountain, stunning hardwood and softwood colour
contrasts with the red of the sandstone and mudflats.
Hardwoods and softwoods add dotted colour throughout this vista of Parrsboro.
On a good day you can see across to Cape Blomidon.
20 Cape Chignecto Peninsula
Roadside blueberry fields are ablaze with colour. Cape Chignecto Provincial
Park, overlooking the Bay of Chignecto and Minas basin, provides picnickers
with a spot to enjoy the colourful hardwoods which dapple the Red Spruce
At low tide, red mud contrasts against the yellow grasses of the Tantramar
Located between Amherst and Springhill, Fenwick Ridge offers a vista
of maples, Yellow Birch, Red Spruce, and some ash.
The Wentworth Valley, featuring scarlet blueberry fields, is adorned
by deciduous slopes at Wentworth Centre. Vistas include Swallow Hill,
at the Transfer Station site, and High Head, the highest point at Ski
Wentworth, from where, on a clear day, the Confederation Bridge to PEI
From the Livingstone Bridge, located over the Wallace Harbour, you can
admire tree-lined marshlands and the rich colours of Wallace Bay. To
the south, the village houses dotted along the shore are contrasted
against the vibrant colours of the fall.
25 Balmoral Mills
Vistas at the Balmoral Grist Mill Museum boast colourful hardwood foliage,
reflecting in the mill pond.
26 Mount Thom
On the south side of Hwy 104, hundreds of rolling acres of blueberry
fields turn a stunning red after a frost.
This look-off and nearby park offer a kaleidoscope of colour with the
variety of hardwoods and panoramic view of farmlands and Pictou Harbour.
28 Marshy Hope
Brilliant hardwood colour lines this steep-sided valley along Hwy 104.
29 Cape George
Follow the shore road, route 337, where the reds and oranges of maple
and yellows of aspen contrast with evergreens on this steep descent
into Ballantyne’s Cove.
Admire the colours of Nova Scotia’s finest example of dune succession
from the boardwalk. This park supports a unique type of forest ecosystem,
characterized by a mixture of colourful hardwoods and softwoods.
31 Mabou Salt Marsh
At high tide, you can admire the mirrored water as it reflects golden
marsh grasses, verdant farm fields and rich hardwood colours.
32 Margaree Valley
Stop amongst the Hardwoods of Fielding Road and enjoy this grand view
of the Margaree Valley.
33 Cap Le Moine
Long grasses, overlooking the ocean as they sway in the breezes, turn
a wheat colour in autumn, creating a memorable vista.
34 French Mountain
Located in Cape Breton Highlands National Park, a boardwalk through
this bog offers you spots of colour at eye level.
35 Pleasant Bay
The Lone Shieling site is the oldest Sugar Maple forest in North America.
This spectacular vista is on a pleasantly cool and easy walking trail,
which circles a crofter’s cabin amidst the tall maples, birches and
beeches. Carpets of moss and golden ferns complete a pristine fall interlude.
Truly an autumn paradise.
36 Cape North
Colourful hardwoods on the towering arrow-straight Aspy fault line frame
North Pond and Aspy Bay.
37 Cape Smokey
Consider a trip up the chair lift at Ski Cape Smokey for optimal foliage
viewing, as the Cabot Trail winds hundreds of feet up through the yellows
and reds of birch and maple, past fall bogs and hidden blueberry patches.
38 Kelly’s Mountain
Enjoy this panoramic view of the sparking St. Ann’s Bay, framed by hardwood
hillsides, with occasional deep green softwood stands.
39 Long Island
A panoramic view creates a lovely image, with St. Andrew’s Channel and
the hardwood-clad island of Boularderie in the distance.
40 Kennington Cove
Known for its raised bogs and its rare Arctic-alpine species of blueberry.
This storm-etched shore line also features fens, which harbour rare
sedges and tiny, elusive curly-grass fern.
41 North Side East Bay
This group of islands, framed by the Bras d’Or Lakes with hardwood hills
rolling behind, is a spray of bright fall colours.
42 Irish Cove Look-Off & Provincial Park
While picnicking, enjoy this scenic look-off onto East Bay and Big Bras
This scenic vista overlooks Isle Madame and Lennox Passage, offering
a striking view of wetlands, water and hardwoods.
44 Dundee-West Bay
Enjoy the islands and inland hardwood hills as you walk up the hillside
for a panoramic view of West Bay.
45 Marble Mountain
A spectacular view of a patchwork of islands is framed by the Bras d’Or
Lake and backed by the brilliant hardwoods of Marble Mountain.
46 Salt Mountain
A short hike up this trail will lead you to a panoramic vista of Whycocomagh,
the sparkling Bras d’Or Lake, hardwood-covered islands and hillsides.
47 Boylston Provincial Park
The look-off at the entrance to this park offers a wide vista of mixed
wood, which reflects off the water to create a picturesque autumn image.
At Lundy take the Fire Tower Road to Lundy barrens. Purples, reds of
wild raisin and blueberry contrast with grey granite boulders and green
of the bogs.
Hardwood slopes add drama to yellows and browns of flood-plain grasses.
50 Liscomb Mills
A trail system begins at Liscombe Lodge and crosses a hanging bridge
with spectacular view of a 20-metre waterfall, accented by a canopy
of evergreens, including spruce, pine, and hemlocks, often threaded
51 Liscomb Game Sanctuary
Just above the south entrance, you will see red maples in scattered
softwood at the bridge over Fifteen Mile Stream.
52 Sheet Harbour
From the boardwalk along the West River at MacPhee House Museum and
Falls, enjoy the mix of hardwoods, greens and flowing water.
The blueberry fields of Dean turn a brilliant red at harvest time.
54 Clam Harbour Prov. Park
Ripe red cranberries are a pleasant discovery among the off-whites of
Beach Grass and sand.
55 Head of Jeddore
Hardwood and spruce crown cliffs which are reflected in the Salmon River,
opposite a spectacular view of Jeddore Harbour.
Put your canoe in at Elderbank Picnic Park and enjoy the colourful trees
reflecting in the lazy Musquodoboit River.
57 Chezzetcook (between East & West)
Grasses of the salt marshes turn golden yellow in the fall.
58 Laurie Park
With paths manageable by even the shortest of toddler legs, this park,
located on Grand Lake, features crimson Sugar Maples, sunny Yellow Birches
and golden Beeches.
59 Mount Uniacke
Take in fall’s splendour along the walking trails of Uniacke Estate
Museum Park as you wind through mixed wood splashed with Red Maple and
along the shoreline of several lakes edged in huckleberries.
Several lovely vistas scatter the city with colour! The university campuses
each display an array of colourful hardwoods. Stroll through the Halifax
Public Gardens, with its native and ornamental plants as well as the
various parks, such as Point Pleasant, Hemlock Ravine and Shubie. On
Citadel Hill, capture the city vistas in all their autumn splendour.
The purple-reds of the raised bogs lead the eye into the coastal village
63 New Ross
Learn about the colourful trees while you enjoy a horse-and-wagon ride
at Ross Farm.
64 Mahone Bay
Three churches flanked by hardwood colour, nestled in fall shades, are
a photographer’s delight.
64 Blue Rocks
Blue-coloured slate rocks are accented by vibrant yellows of lichen
and seaweeds, and reds of the huckleberry.
65 Wentzells lake
When the water is still, the lake mirrors the colourful spectacle of
the hardwood hills.
66 Falkland ridge
The Falkland Ridge Loop, just off Hwy 10, boasts incredible vistas of
67 Crescent Beach
Buff and yellow grasses grace large stretches of sand.
68 Kejimkujik National Park
Red Maple floodplains beside Kejimkujik’s visitor centre previews the
stunning colour to be discovered in the park.
Located near the Milton Blacksmith Shop, this bridge over the Mersey
River offers a picture-perfect array of fall colour.
70 Port Joli
Wheat-coloured grasses, bright yellow seaweed are foreground for great
flocks of migratory birds at Port Joli Bird Sanctuary.
71 Sable River / Jordan Falls
The reds of huckleberries offer long-lasting colour.
72 Sandy Point
Yellow and buff beach grasses of Sandy Point Beach Park in the foreground,
with McNutt Island in the distance, make for a soothing ocean view.
View the yellowing marsh grasses and Barrington River from five-storey-Seal
Island Lighthouse Museum.
74 Wedgeport Nature Trail
This 5.4-km nature trail features soft palettes of coastal forest and
barrier-beach pond, contrasting with mixed-wood forest and mud flats.
Fall Foliage Guide
The colours given for the leaves are a guide only, as many factors can
influence colour change.
• Birch, beech, poplar, elm and Witch-hazel
• Red oak, Mountain ash, blueberry and
huckleberry turn red
• Red and Sugar Maples turn yellow, red,
orange or purple, depending on sunlight conditions
• The orange-red of the vine, Virginia
Creeper, is short-lived but brilliant
• Grasses turn subtle shades of golden
• Ferns become golden yellow-brown
You can look for the bright red berries of the Highbush-cranberry, the
gentler red of the rose hips, the orange to red berries of the Mountain-ash
and the reddish-purple clusters of fuzzy Staghorn Sumac berries long
after the leaves have dropped.
Fallen leaves continue to give colour interest, standing out either
as bright notes against contrasting back-grounds or forming a mosaic
carpet of colour and texture. Frost is autumn’s icing on the cake.
Keep up to date with weekly foliage reports by calling
The Leaf Watch:
or by visiting the web site: http://explore.gov.ns.ca/leaf