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"Le Negre Marron" (The Black Maroon; in Creole, "Neg Mawon"), Port-au-Prince, Haiti, often translated in English as the statue of the "Unknown Slave". The "Negre Marron" is shown with left leg extended (broken chain on his ankle); a machete in his right hand, and his left hand holding a conch shell to his lips. The conch shell was often used as a trumpet to assemble people. Created by the Haitian sculptor, Albert Mangones, the statue was commissioned to commemorate the slaves who revolted against France from 1791 to 1804.


 

On the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the Atlantic Slave Trade

(26 Mar) March 25, 2007 marks 200 years since the trafficking in captive Africans for enslavement throughout the British empire officially ended. Commentary of TML Daily

(Feb 07) It is noteworthy that there is no discussion of the necessity for reparations for the inhuman crimes of slavery. This behooves us not only to mark this event but to demand that the states that profited from the traficking in human flesh and the genocide of the indigenous peoples of the Americas render accounts. Editorial by TONY SEED & ISAAC SANEY

UNESCO MAP OF THE SLAVE TRADE

(5 Feb 07) The National Human Rights Committee of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers is teaming up with Shunpiking Magazine to publish a special four-page Black History Month tabloid for its members.

(8 Feb 07) The Monsoon Journal, a new English-language monthly tabloid published for Toronto's Tamil community, has teamed up with Nova Scotia's Shunpiking Magazine to publish a special 12-page Black History Supplement.


Our Timeline, "A People's Odyssey", is brief, but aims to convey the broad sweep of historical forces shaping the Black communities.

Slavery's abolition is often portrayed as the work of conscientious and dedicated white activists. The central role played by enslaved Africans is invariably marginalized. ISAAC SANEY

(Apr 07) The international community should commemorate this bicentenary as part of its response to the challenge to address the massive legacy of slavery and the contemporary forms of its manifestation. THANO MBEK

The movie Amazing Grace, far from expressing the truth about the abolition of slavery and the slave trade, is a whitewash and a disgrace, fit only for an Anglo-American ruling class still robbing us blind and than offering to help us see! PETER LINEBAUGH

(1 December 2006) On the apology demanded from Africa by Michaëlle Jean, Governor General of Canada, "a country which quietly participated and benefited from the slave trade." www.ghanaweb.com

(Nov 06) Instead of standing up against the neo-colonial project (which includes the illegal occupation of her native Haiti), Michaelle Jean is helping slavery-built European empires cover up their crimes against the native peoples of Africa and of the Americas - through a web of denial and projection. JEAN St-VIL

(Dec 07) Re: Taking responsibility for the British role in the European Trade in Afrikans as slaves, enslavement and colonial exploitation. CIKIAH THOMAS , Chair, Global Afrikan Congress

(Spring 06) The notion of a new kind of imperialism remains firmly wedded to the racism and Eurocentrism of the past. HAKIM ADI

With the abolition of the slave trade in 1807 and the Emancipation Act of 1833, Britain washed its hands of slavery. Not so, according to MARIKA SHERWOOD, who sets the record straight. Britain continued to contribute to and profit from the slave trade well after 1807. Drawing on government documents and contemporary reports as well as published sources, she describes how the trade in women, men, and children and their enforced labour remained very much a part of British investment, commerce and empire.

Slavery is intertwined with the history of the countries of the Caribbean, and a new UNESCO Sites of Memory on the Slave Route project is focusing on the African influence in Aruba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Cuba. ORLANDO MATOS

(02) The crocodile has a strange eating way. You can never quite tell whether the gigantic reptile is happy or not, as he tackles his meal. Why, he seems to shed tears even as he eats. BARRACK MULUKA

On 27 April 1848 Victor Schoelcher, French under-secretary of state for the colonies, signed a decree abolishing slavery. To force the decision through, he warned of the danger of a general uprising if nothing was done. Resistance by the slaves themselves was thus of capital importance in the French government's decision, and freedom, when it came, was due more to Africa's own efforts than to a sudden burst of humanitarian feeling on the part of the slave traders. ELIKIA M'BOKOLO

Despite the abolition of slavery, in France's remaining dependencies the problems remain - as they do in the rest of the third world. It is time to speak out, claim the right to national sovereignty and emerge from a shadow world consigned to the margins of history. MARCEL MANVILLE





A stark, silent beauty grotesque emerges from a place whose hidden past was the setting of heinous crimes against the African people. A photo essay by BOB SEMPLE of a visit to the Île de Gorée, Senegal.

Fueled by the work of scholars and lawyers, the campaign for reparations has grown in recent years into a mainstream movement. RHC

The Ivy League Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, was the first to be forced to admit to its pro-slavery past by three doctoral students. Now Brown University has also made a similar admission.


Smashing the Silence, Smashing the Chains - Resistance

African abolition struggles and opposition movements. S.I. MARTIN - Breaking The Silence, a UNESCO project

Nanny of the Maroons stands out in history as the only female among Jamaica's national heroes. She possessed that fierce fighting spirit generally associated with the courage of men.

Carlota, a slave woman, took up the machete in 1843 to lead a slave uprising at the Triumvirato sugar mill in the great plain of Havana-Matanzas, the emporium of the slave-owning oligarchy.

In the struggle against the slave trade and slavery waged in Britain during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, African and Caribbean people played a key role.

Chartist leader Cuffay was arrested on the evidence of informers. Still defiant, he pleaded not guilty to the charges of 'levying war against the queen', and denounced both the government and those who tried him, while championing the struggle for the rights of working people.

The life of Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893 - noted African American anti-abolitionist and educationalist.

POEMS BY PATRICE LUMUMBA
READINGS
Text of the UN draft resolution designating 26 March 2007 as the International Day for the Commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of the Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.

(1787) One of the first and most radical Africans in England to fight against slavery.

47° Georgii III, Session 1, cap. XXXVI An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade.[25th March 1807.]

(12 March 1853) The enemy of British wage-slavery has a right to condemn Negro-slavery; a Duchess of Sutherland, a Duke of Atholl, a Manchester cotton-lord - never! KARL MARX

(1944) Our 27-page excerpt from Dr Eric Williams ' seminal work, Capitalism and Slavery."Slavery was not born of racism: rather, racism was the consequence of slavery. Unfree labor in the New World was brown, white, black, and yellow; Catholic, Protestant and pagan."

The US Constitution ratified in 1787, although never mentioning slavery by name, refers to slaves as 'other Persons' in Article 1, Section 2; 'such Persons' in Article I, Section 9; and a 'Person held to service or labour' in Article IV, Section 2. Throughout the constitution the term 'Person' also refers to those not held in involuntary servitude.



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