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Shunpiking Magazine's Black History Supplement 2006

(Spring, 2006) Who is to blame for racism? What is its cause and aim? Is it merely a matter of skin colour? Of genetics? Or of so-called 'human nature'? Historian and political economist ISAAC SANEY explores the futility of an ethnocentric approach.

(Spring, 2006) Black heritage centres firebombed. Two months later, very few of us know what took place and why. It seems that certain forces want to keep it that way. Many of us don't even know what we don't know. The events are clouded in mystery and racism. We set out to discover what we could discover for ourselves. TONY SEED

(Spring, 2006) The arson attacks on the Black cultural centres are an affront to people and their desire for democracy, fraternity and equality. They should be condemned from one end of the province to the other. TONY SEED and ISAAC SANEY


FOCUS ON LAND

(Jan 04) The city's bulldozer came for the church before dawn. Seaview Baptist Church, where Deacon Ralph Jones had decried from his pulpit: "If ever there was ever a time to stand by your guard, the time is now! This is testin' time!" SPENCER OSBERG

(02) In 1994, the ANC government planned to redistribute 30% of agricultural land within five years. Instead only 2% of the 87% of the best land, held by white owners, has been redistributed so far - eight years of slow traffic. And time is running out. It could make Zimbabwe look like a picnic. PUSCH COMMEU reports from Durban.

(May 05) Hopes soared that independence would bring an end to the legacy of colonial rule and apartheid power and give birth to a more equitable and just social order - expectations had to be put on hold due to British and U.S. pressure. For years Zimbabwe was compelled to maintain the inequitable land ownership patterns inherited from apartheid Rhodesia. The process of land reform is at root a struggle for justice and a challenge to the Western neoliberal model. The refusal to serve Western interests is what motivates US and British hostility. GREGORY ELICH


NOVA SCOTIA

Birchtown, NS: There is little to mark the settlement of the first Black Loyalists in 1783 except a few houses dotted along the back road and a small plaque marking their landing site. No Burger Kings or souvenir shops disturb the ghosts of the past here.

A newly-formed organization in Cape Breton whose objective is to promote the heritage of African Nova Scotians, and acknowledge the role Blacks played in the growth and development of Glace Bay. PAUL MACDOUGALL

(2004) Nova Scotia's experiment in eugenics to stave off racial degeneration; well before Hitler, 'progressives' of this period agitated for a better world, one where science, humanism and Christian values would play a large part. STEPHEN ELLIS

The traditional art of quiltmaking has sustained Nova Scotian Black communities for more than 200 years. SHAUNTAY GRANT


NATIONAL

(12 Apr 06) An important feature of fascism is the state's fear of the subject people and the need for criminalization according to arbitrary criteria based on politics, race, class, lifestyle, age, nationality, immigration status or religion. Arbitrary criminalization demands a law and order mentality of the state and the framing of every problem in that way. TML DAILY Commentary


INTERNATIONAL

It was difficult to find anywhere at the conference where the history of African and Caribbean communities in London was being discussed, and seldom was any consideration given to the important historical connections between Britain and Africa and the Caribbean. AFRICAN AND CARIBBEAN PROGRESSIVE STUDY GROUP

When people talk about black history, they, for whatever reason, neglect Britain. When people talk about British History they, for some reason, neglect black people. ... there is a definite attempt to remove this history, and we have to consider why that's the case. A dialogue with Dr HAKIM ADI

The black community in Britain is a predominantly British-born population and suffers from some of the worst discrimination and disadvantages when compared to other citizens of this country. AFRICAN AND CARIBBEAN PROGRESSIVE STUDY GROUP

A number of theories have been advanced to explain racism in Britain. Many concentrate on the post-war period, alleging, for example, that what is called "British society" erected barriers of discrimination to prevent newly-arrived immigrants competing for scarce resources. All of these theories to explain racism in Britain have certain characteristics in common; they blame ordinary people for racism and they ignore the actions of the state and Britain's entire modern history. AFRICAN AND CARIBBEAN PROGRESSIVE STUDY GROUP


AFRICA

The UN Expert Panel on Congo in its report of 15 October 2002, investigating the illegal exploitation of the DRC's resources, found that a 'predatory network of elites' (including army and government leaders) had been established to fight an "economy of war." Eight of the 29 companies were Canadian. KIM PETERSEN

Nelson Mandela: 'It is unparalleled in African history to have another people rise to the defence of one of us.' ISAAC SANEY

An interview with Columbia University professor Manning Marable about Malcolm X. AMY GOODMAN


LEGACIES

Ruth Johnson believed in the goodness of people. LOIS LEGGE

Tribute to the First Lady of the U.S. civil rights movement. JUANA CARRASCO MARTIN

CULTURE & LIFE

Until the onset of major black immigration from the Caribbean Basin in the mid-1950s, Euro-Canadians imagined African-Canadians as once-and-always Americans. A literary essay by GEORGE ELLIOTT CLARKE

Book brings to life the history, contributions and struggles of the African and Caribbean communities in Britain.

The development of the modern Caribbean nations within the context of slavery, colonialism and foreign domination have left many cultural problems facing Caribbean people today. One of the most pressing of these is the question of the Caribbean languages and their proper position in today's world, especially in the Caribbean and among Caribbean communities internationally. AFRICAN AND CARIBBEAN PROGRESSIVE STUDY GROUP

Wiping out centuries of know-how in preserving ecosystems. TERRY LEONARD


READINGS

When something comes up missing or misplaced, occasionally it's not a bad idea to look for it in your neighbour's basement. In the case of the missing history of Black hockey players, Canada's basement is the most logical place to look. JEAN DAMU

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