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200 years

BHS cover 2002 • People's Odyssey - Exploring Black History
Counter to what we saw as the trivialization and marginalization of a people's history: reducing it to a few choice vignettes and events unconnected from the flow of real history

• Putting flesh on the bones By Janice Acton
(Feb-Mar 2000) Birchtown, NS: There is little to mark the settlement of the first Black Loyalists in 1783 except a few houses dotted along the back road and a small plaque marking their landing site. No Burger Kings or souvenir shops disturb the ghosts of the past here.

• The Origins of Racism By Isaac Saney
Racism, one of the dominant features of the world, is often treated as a permanent phenomenon in human relations. Entwined with the belief that racial antipathy and ethnocentrism are primordial is the assumption that racism is a natural, characteristically European legacy.

• The Long Walk Home By Paul MacDougall
From 1901 to 1904 hundreds of Black men and their families tramped back and forth from the steel cities of the United States to a fledgling steel plant city in Cape Breton that had been described in 1902 by the Canadian Manufacturing Association as, "the outstanding feature of our industrial development of the past few years."

• Black History By Tony Seed
Shunpiking Editorial Upfront. No 38

• ..but was slavery the REAL issue for the North? By Isaac Saney
The Civil War was primarily a struggle between the Northern industrial and financial class against the Southern slaveholders for control of southern resources and labour.

• Our Philisophy By Isaac Saney
Black history cannot be understood in separation and isolation from the panorama of the Maritimes. While the Black community has its own dynamics and struggles, they are part of the rhythm of the overall struggles of the province and the region.

• Da Costa and Champlain By FIONA TRAYNOR*
An award-winning film from Montreal profiles Mathieu Da Costa.


• The coup in Haiti and the objectives of US Imperialism By Isaac Saney
The determination to remove Aristide from power was frequently and openly stated by various US government officials. For example, $500 million USD in loans were denied when Aristide returned to the presidency in 1994.

• Let them eat cake; TV blames Africans for famine
US news programs distort reality and causes, targeting Zimbabwe and Zambia for land reform, refusal to accept GMF

• The Martin Luther King you don't see on TV
(1999) It's become a TV ritual: Every year in mid-January, around the time of Martin Luther King's birthday, we get perfunctory network news reports about "the slain civil rights leader." JEFF COHEN & NORMAN SOLOMON

• ‘The Third Chimurenga’
Interview with George Charumba, Minister of Information and Publicity, Government of Zimbabwe, by Radio Station CFRO in Vancouver, B.C.
Canada/Nova Scotia

• 10,000 Nova Scotians fought against slavery By Tony Seed
This historical amnesia has led to public ignorance today about our own history. This history reveals that the flying of the Confederate flag in Nova Scotia today is, among other things, a despicable insult to the sacrifice of Nova Scotians.

• Confederate flag in Nova Scotia?!
The increasing appearance of the Confederate flag in Nova Scotia (pictured) is a disturbing and odious phenomenon. The display of this flag as an emblem of rebellion against the status quo - à la Dukes of Hazzard, the US TV series - cannot be excused, given its symbolism for White supremists.

• Slavery and Neglect By Dan Soucoup
They attempted to institute and legalize a system of enslavement of Blacks. Under the pauper system, this also extended to poor whites, who were bought and sold in New Brunswick until 1928.

• Marcus Garvey and Nova Scotia By Paul Macdougall
(Feb-Mar 2000) Birth of a movement, birth of a religion, birth of a church.

• Where We Live - Portraits of the Pier
Whitney Pier, Sydney, was settled by people from all over the world: the Caribbean, Europe, Newfoundland, China, the Mediterranean, British Isles, along with rural Cape Bretoners - Irish, Scottish, Acadien and Mi'kmaq.

• Walking Black through Halifax: On the sunnier side of the street
Buddy Daye, sailor turned prize fighter turned freedom fighter, who grew up in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, and couldn't convince white kids he didn't have a tail, who moved to Halifax and couldn't get a haircut, who walked the streets telling little children they could be black and beautiful, black and proud, but knew that sooner or later they and his own nine children would learn that for some people, some Canadians, they would always be niggers.

Culture & Life

Short Story
• Dr. Brown's Decision By LANGSTON HUGHES
"In your Sociology of Prejudice," said Dr. Bulwick, "I highly approve of the closing note, your magnificent appeal to the old standards of Christian morality and the simple concept of justice on which America was founded."

Book Review
• A Global Hero By David Remnick REVIEWED BY Ed Stoddard.
Traditionally Ali is viewed as being one of the greatest exemplars of boxing. Yet Ali goes beyond the concept of the athlete disconnected from the real world, oblivious to the struggles around him.

• "The Skin I'm In" Reviewed by CURTIS COWARD
(Feb-Mar 2000) Identifying the past and present problems of black athletes and the education system. Black athletes have been exploited, misrepresented, and abused by the education system.

• Telling the Truth: On the history of Black segregated schools
Indtroduction by SUZANNE RENT
(Feb-Mar 2000) For over 150 years, to 1964, the government of Nova Scotia maintained a separate and unequal system of education. Segregated schools also existed in Ontario until 1965 and, throughout Canada, for the Aboriginal peoples, as well as those of Chinese origin and others.

• Telling the Truth: On the history of Black segregated schools by DORIS EVANS
(Feb-Mar 2000) Education was a luxury shared by the privileged -- regardless of colour. With photos. Speech delivered to the September, 1990 reunion of retired teachers of segregated schools.

• Some real Progress in Britain By ACPSG
ACPSG informed shunpiking that it publishes Progress as part of its work to encourage people of African and Caribbean descent to end their social marginalisation ...

• Afro-Cuban
This prohibition was to destroy any unity among the African population with the goal of preventing revolt. Nonetheless there were many revolts and attempts at revolts.

• Introducing The Africville Lakers By TONY SEED
Inner city junior basketball: "We derive our name from Africville, as I wanted my grassroots name to live on. It still exists -- not in terms of land, but in spirit."

• What is important in competitive sport By BARB CAMPBELL
The Justin Coward Basketball Tournament: a coach writes to Shunpiking magazine in defence of sportsmanship and against a narrow-minded, winning-is-everything approach.

Africa for the Africans: Historical Background

• Africa at the time of the "Discovery" of America By Sandra L. Smith
"Expedition that crossed in the service of Lord Hiram to conquer ... ..

• 1885: Cecil Rhodes – Father of the British Empire – on the Importance of Imperialism The Empire, as I have always said, is a bread and butter question. If you want to avoid civil war, you must become imperialists." – Cecil Rhodes

• 1915: W.E.B. Du Bois on the "African Roots of War" a new peace and new democracy of all races: a great humanity of equal men? "Semper novi quid ex Africa!

• Africa under Colonialism – Maps

• Africa Under Colonialism: The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885

• See also the reference document, "A People’s Odyssey: Timeline (1492–2000)", shunpiking magazine, Black History Supplement, Volumer 5, Edition 32, Februry/March, 2000, pp 13-20

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